Spatial orientation disorder – lack of orientation to the right and left side of own body and to directions in space: left, right, higher, lower, forward, backward, above, below, etc. (required at age 6-7). The child is not able to correctly identify the right and left parts of his/her own body (required at the age of 6-7), at the person opposite him/her (at the age of 8), is not able to determine the position of three objects in relation to each other (age 10) using the names; right, left and in operating concepts expressing spatial relations.

At a later age, has difficulties in understanding drawings, diagrams, spatial situations, locating elements in illustrations, determining their position relative to each other, orientation on a map. These children develop difficulties in drawing, reading and writing.


  1. „Uczeń z dysleksją w szkole” M. Bogdanowicz, A. Adryjanek, Operon, Gdynia 2009